**Study Session 10**

**Reading 34 – Corporate Governance and ESG: An Introduction**

– LOS 34a: describe corporate governance

– LOS 34b: describe a company’s stakeholder groups and compare interests of stakeholder groups

– LOS 34c: describe principal–agent and other relationships in corporate governance and the conflicts that may arise in these relationships

– LOS 34d: describe stakeholder management

– LOS 34e: describe mechanisms to manage stakeholder relationships and mitigate associated risks

– LOS 34f: describe functions and responsibilities of a company’s board of directors and its committees

– LOS 34g: describe market and non-market factors that can affect stakeholder relationships and corporate governance

– LOS 34h: identify potential risks of poor corporate governance and stakeholder management and identify benefits from effective corporate governance and stakeholder management

– LOS 34i: describe factors relevant to the analysis of corporate governance and stakeholder management

– LOS 34j: describe environmental and social considerations in investment analysis

– LOS 34k: describe how environmental, social, and governance factors may be used in investment analysis

**Reading 35 – Capital Budgeting**

– LOS 35a: describe the capital budgeting process and distinguish among the various categories of capital projects

– LOS 35b: describe the basic principles of capital budgeting

– LOS 35c: explain how the evaluation and selection of capital projects is affected by mutually exclusive projects, project sequencing, and capital rationing

– LOS 35d: calculate and interpret net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, discounted payback period, and profitability index (PI) of a single capital project

– LOS 35e: explain the NPV profile, compare the NPV and IRR methods when evaluating independent and mutually exclusive projects, and describe the problems associated with each of the evaluation methods

– LOS 35f: describe expected relations among an investment’s NPV, company value, and share price

**Reading 36 – Cost of Capital**

– LOS 36a: calculate and interpret the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) of a company

– LOS 36b: describe how taxes affect the cost of capital from different capital sources

– LOS 36c: describe the use of target capital structure in estimating WACC and how target capital structure weights may be determined

– LOS 36d: explain how the marginal cost of capital and the investment opportunity schedule are used to determine the optimal capital budget

– LOS 36e: explain the marginal cost of capital’s role in determining the net present value of a project

– LOS 36f: calculate and interpret the cost of debt capital using the yield-to-maturity approach and the debt-rating approach

– LOS 36g: calculate and interpret the cost of noncallable, nonconvertible preferred stock

– LOS 36h: calculate and interpret the cost of equity capital using the capital asset pricing model approach, the dividend discount model approach, and the bond-yield plus risk-premium approach

– LOS 36i: calculate and interpret the beta and cost of capital for a project

– LOS 36j: describe uses of country risk premiums in estimating the cost of equity

– LOS 36k: describe the marginal cost of capital schedule, explain why it may be upward sloping with respect to additional capital, and calculate and interpret its break-points

– LOS 36l: explain and demonstrate the correct treatment of flotation costs

**Study Session 11**

**Reading 37 – Measures of Leverage**

– LOS 37a: define and explain leverage, business risk, sales risk, operating risk, and financial risk and classify a risk

– LOS 37b: calculate and interpret the degree of operating leverage, the degree of financial leverage, and the degree of total leverage

– LOS 37c: analyze the effect of financial leverage on a company’s net income and return on equity

– LOS 37d: calculate the breakeven quantity of sales and determine the company’s net income at various sales levels

– LOS 37e: calculate and interpret the operating breakeven quantity of sales

**Reading 38 – ****Working Capital Management**

– describe primary and secondary sources of liquidity and factors that influence a company’s liquidity position

– compare a company’s liquidity measures with those of peer companies

– evaluate working capital effectiveness of a company based on its operating and cash conversion cycles and compare the company’s effectiveness with that of peer companies

– describe how different types of cash flows affect a company’s net daily cash position

– calculate and interpret comparable yields on various securities, compare portfolio returns against a standard benchmark, and evaluate a company’s short-term investment policy guidelines

– evaluate a company’s management of accounts receivable, inventory, and accounts payable over time and compared to peer companies

– evaluate the choices of short-term funding available to a company and recommend a financing method

**Past LOS (until 2017) – ****Dividends and Shares Repurchases: Basics**

– LOS 38a: describe regular cash dividends, extra dividends, liquidating dividends, stock dividends, stock splits, and reverse stock splits, including their expected effect on shareholders’ wealth and a company’s financial ratios

– LOS 38b: describe dividend payment chronology, including the significance of declaration, holder-of-record, ex-dividend, and payment dates

– LOS 38c: compare share repurchase methods

– LOS 38d: calculate and compare the effect of a share repurchase on earnings per share when 1) the repurchase is financed with the company’s excess cash and 2) the company uses debt to finance the repurchase

– LOS 38e: calculate the effect of a share repurchase on book value per share

– LOS 38f: explain why a cash dividend and a share repurchase of the same amount are equivalent in terms of the effect on shareholders’ wealth, all else being equal