Study Materials for 2023 CFA®, FRM®, Actuarial, GMAT® and EA® Exams

# GMAT® Focus Data Insight Questions

## Data Sufficiency Table Analysis Multi-Source Reasoning Two-Part Analysis Graphics Interpretation

### Types of Questions to Expect in the GMAT Focus Data Insight Section

#### Data Sufficiency

This component focuses on analyzing quantitative problems, identifying relevant data, and determining when there's enough information to solve a problem. It challenges the candidate to assess the adequacy of given data for problem-solving.

#### Multi-Source Reasoning

Examines your ability to synthesize and analyze data from multiple sources, consisting of either text or visual data. Multi-source reasoning questions present two to three tabs of information followed by several independent questions which require you to synthesize information from multiple tabs.

#### Table Analysis

Designed to gauge a test-taker’s ability to sort and analyze a data table and determine whether the data meets particular criteria based on the statements provided. With table analysis questions, you get a sortable spreadsheet followed by three statements that form the basis of the analysis you’re going to perform.

#### Two-Part Analysis

Tests your ability to solve complex problems by analyzing the relationship between two statements. For this part, you get a set of information followed by two criteria and five or six statements. You’re expected to select one statement that meets the first criterion and another one that meets the second criterion.

#### Graphics Interpretation

These questions are designed to test how well you can interpret information on a graph. Here you get a data-rich image such as a graph or a chat followed by two statements based on the image provided. You’re required to select an option from the drop-down menu that best fits each of the given statements.

### What to Expect in the Data Insight Section of the GMAT Focus Exam

In the Data Insights section of the GMAT Focus Edition, candidates encounter a variety of tasks that assess their ability to interpret and apply data in business scenarios. This section, composed of 20 questions, replaces the traditional Integrated Reasoning section and is tailored to the modern business environment. Here’s what to expect in the Data Insights section:

1. Synthesizing and Analyzing Data: Candidates must interpret data presented in various formats, including text, numbers, and graphics. This involves a deep analysis of the data to extract meaningful insights.
2. Evaluating Data from Multiple Sources: The section requires candidates to consider information from different sources, emphasizing the importance of integrating these pieces of information to form a coherent analysis.
3. Complex Problem-Solving with Data: Just like in the traditional Integrated Reasoning section, the Data Insights section demands the manipulation and application of data to solve intricate problems, often involving multiple steps or stages.
4. Data Organization and Relationship Analysis: Similar to table analysis in the old format, this new section involves sorting through and organizing data, identifying relationships and patterns to solve interconnected problems.

### How Scores are Reported in the Data Insight Section of the GMAT Focus Exam

Regarding scoring, the Data Insights section contributes to the overall GMAT Focus score, which ranges from 205 to 805. The scoring for this section, however, isn’t reported separately like the Integrated Reasoning section in the traditional GMAT, where scores ranged from 1 to 8. As in the previous format, some questions in the Data Insights section may consist of multiple parts, and candidates need to answer all parts correctly to receive full credit for the question, with no partial credit awarded for incomplete or partially correct answers.

### Table Analysis

In this section, you’ll be given a sortable table of data similar to a spreadsheet, which you’re required to analyze and determine whether the answer statements are correct based on the information provided. Table analysis combines two skills – making logical deductions and breaking down tabular data.

The main challenge you’ll face when handling table analysis questions is facing a new set of data and figuring out how to fit all those pieces together. Table analysis is meant to determine your skills in solving real-world problems. Since you’ve already dealt with plenty of spreadsheets in your life, it shouldn’t be challenging to interpret this sort of data.

### Multi-Source Reasoning

Multi-source reasoning offers three pieces of information on tabbed pages – data, tables, articles, emails, etc. While these pieces provide lots of information, not all of it is necessary to answer the question. The information provided may be quantitative or verbal in nature, or sometimes a combination of both. While working on these three pieces of information you may be required to click back and forth between them and locate the needed data.

The questions consist of either a set of yes/no statements or multiple-choice questions. You’ll need information from multiple tabs to answer the questions. However, you can use the same tab to answer more than one question. The questions in this category are designed to mimic the case study approach used by most management programs, therefore, examining one’s ability to put together different types of information from different sources.

### Two-Part Analysis

In two-part analysis, you’ll be given a task that involves two components. It’s worth noting that each question is more than one question and based on the passage provided, you’ll be asked to evaluate two things – they could be definitions of two terms or two completely separate issues. Solving this kind of question isn’t usually complicated. However, it requires more work as you’re required to answer more than one question. Answers in two-part analysis can take multiple forms. You might be asked to fill in a black using a pull-down menu that provides multiple choices or answer a traditional multiple-choice question. Moreover, you may be required to select certain options in a table or give answers to two statements in the form of yes/no or true/false.

It’s worth noting that sometimes the two sections of a two-part analysis question may depend on each other or may be determined independently. Whichever the case, you only get credit if both halves are answered correctly.

### Graphics Interpretation

Graphics representation questions require you to interpret a graph or graphical image in order to select the correct response from the choices provided based on the information you get from the graphs. These types of questions will always contain a graph and are designed to test your ability to analyze and interpret the information presented therein. In most cases, you’ll come across traditional graphs such as pie charts or bar graphs. However, in some cases, you may also see more unusual graphs, which shouldn’t be a cause for concern as the questions are answered the same way as those for traditional graphics.

The types of graphs you’ll come across include:

• Bar graphs
• Line graphs
• Flow charts
• Organization charts
• Venn diagrams
• Scatter plots

It’s advisable to read the introductory text before examining the graph. At the start, don’t try to analyze the graph. Instead, take a few moments to know how the graph works and the kind of information it represents. Since Graphics interpretation questions are usually less dense compared to other types of questions in the Data Insight section, you should spend less time here.

### How Many Hours Should You Devote?

It’s recommended that one should start studying at least 3 – 6 months before sitting for the exams. In order to achieve an overall score of 700+ in the GMAT Focus exam, it’s advisable to devote 120-150 hours of prep time. That means, from this total of 120-150 hours, you should spend approximately 30 hours or more learning about the questions you expect in the integrated reasoning section using real-exam scenarios.

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With lots of study resources, including video lessons, study notes, and practice questions, you’ve got everything at your disposal to prepare adequately for the GMAT exam. Given that most prep course materials are prepared based on current exam trends and difficulty levels, you’ve got the opportunity to study under real exam conditions. If anything, you get to discover specific task-taking tips and tricks that can improve your guessing accuracy, exam timing, and overall efficiency.

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