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The Regulatory Tools

The Regulatory Tools

The regulatory and government policies should be predictable, contemplative, and effective in reaching their goals. This is because it is challenging for any business entity to operate in an environment governed by an uncertain regulatory system. In other words, regulators should tailor the tools they employ to ensure a stable regulatory environment.  

The main regulatory tools and  government interventions include:

1. Use of Price Mechanisms

A good example of a price mechanism is taxing polluters while subsidizing those who engage in environmentally friendly production procedures.

2. Public Financing of Private Projects

Public financing can include the provision of loans to individual investors or firms whose activities are supported by the government. However, the level of funding depends on factors such as political ideologies, the government in power, its structure, and a country’s level of GDP.

3. Regulatory Mandates and Restrictions on Behaviors

Examples of the mandating include capital requirements for banks and registration with a securities commission for certain operations. Restricted activities include insider trading and short selling.

4. Provision of Public Goods and services

Public goods are services that an individual can consume without reducing their availability to other people. As such, no one disadvantages others when they consume such goods and services. Some of the public goods include infrastructure and national defense (security).


Which of the following is a regulatory tool that is least likely used by the self-regulating organizations?

  1. Provision of public goods.
  2. Restrictions of behaviors.
  3. Price mechanisms.


The correct answer is C.

SROs regulate the actions of their members and provide public products in the form of standards and regulation of their members’ activities. They are unlikely to use price mechanisms.

Reading 8: Economics of Regulation

LOS 8 (g) Describe tools of regulatory intervention in markets

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