How Current Rate Method and the Temporal Method Affect Financial Statements and Ratios

Both the current rate and temporal methods have a significant impact on the parent company’s financial statements and ratios. The following example demonstrates the effects under each translation method. Example: Effects of Using the Current Rate and the Temporal Methods…

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Effects of Accounting for Stock Grants and Stock Options

A company might grant stocks to employees either outright, with restrictions, or contingent on performance. 1. Outright Grants As the wording suggests, outright grants are stocks awarded to employees outrightly, without any conditions. Compensation expense is reported based on the…

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Effects of a Defined Benefit Plan’s Assumptions on the Defined Benefit Obligation and Periodic Pension Cost

Understanding the effects of assumptions on the estimated pension obligation and periodic pension costs helps in the interpretation of a company’s financial statements. Moreover, it aids in the evaluation of whether the assumptions are relatively conservative or aggressive. The amount…

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Issues Associated With Accounting for Share-based Compensation

Share-based compensation is a way of paying company employees with shares from the business. It is a way of motivating employees beyond their regular salaries and bonuses, which are cash-based. It also aligns the employees’ interests with those of the…

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Interpretation of Pension Plan Note Disclosures Including Cash flow Related Information

Pension plan disclosures are used to further analyze a company’s pension and other post-employment benefits. The following are the different components of the disclosures, apart from assumptions that we discussed in detail in the previous LOS: Explain and calculate how…

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Use of Pension and Other Post-employment Benefit Disclosures to Assess a Company’s Assumptions and their Impact on the Financial Statements and Ratios

Assumptions and estimates made when calculating pension-related amounts can affect comparative financial analysis using some ratios based on financial statements. Assumptions Different companies make different assumptions, e.g., different discount rates, and this affects comparisons across companies. Recall that a company…

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The Impact of Changes in Exchange Rates on the Translated Sales of the Subsidiary and the Parent Company

IFRS and US GAAP require parent companies to prepare consolidated financial statements. Further, IFRS and US GAAP require parent companies to add domestic and foreign subsidiaries operations to their operations. In most cases, a foreign subsidiary operates primarily in the…

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Presentation Currency, Functional Currency, and Local Currency

A multinational corporation is a firm that has business operations located in at least one country besides its home country. It may engage in transactions that are denominated in foreign currency or invest in foreign subsidiaries that keep their financial…

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Translation Effects of a Subsidiary’s Balance Sheet and Income Statement

Recall from the previous LOS that there are two translation methods: the current rate and the temporal methods. To demonstrate the translation effects of a subsidiary’s financial statements into the parent company’s presentation currency, we will look at the following…

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Current Rate Method and Temporal Method of Translation

Translation refers to converting the functional currency into the parent’s presentation currency. The procedures specified by IFRS and US GAAP for translating foreign currency financial statements essentially require the use of either the current rate method or the temporal method. The…

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