###### Relationship between Long-run Rate of ...

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The * dividend coverage ratio* (Net income/Dividends) and

Given the following data, calculate the dividend payout ratio and debt coverage ratio.

- Net income available for common stock: $200 million
- Dividends paid: $50 million.

$$\text{Dividend payout ratio}=\frac{\text{Dividend}}{\text{Net income}}=\frac{50}{200}=0.25=25\%$$

$$\text{Dividend coverage ratio}=\frac{\text{Net income}}{\text{Dividend}}=\frac{200}{50}=4\text{x}$$

A dividend coverage ratio below 1.0 implies that the dividend is in jeopardy unless events such as employee strikes or storms are the reason for the decrease in earnings.

Free cash flow is the cash flow available for distribution in dividends after working capital and fixed expenditures have been deducted. Ignoring capital expenditure needs and distributing dividends to shareholders may be contrary to maximizing the wealth of shareholders. Cash flows from free cash flow to equity (FCFE) can be viewed as a source of cash dividends payments.

$$\text{FCFE coverage ratio}=\frac{\text{FCFE}}{(\text{Dividends}+\text{Share repurchases})}$$

A ratio of 1 shows that a company returns all available cash to shareholders. A ratio greater than 1 implies that a company is increasing its liquidity by using funds to increase shares or cash. A ratio less than one means that the company reduces its liquidity by paying out more than it can afford.

The following are details of Medusa Ltd:

- Net income for the year: $400 million.
- Cash flow from operations: $500 million.
- FCInv (capital expenditure): $412 million.
- Net borrowings: $12 million.
- Dividend paid: $13 million.
- Stock repurchases: $10 million.

Calculate the FCFE coverage ratio for the year.

$$\begin{align*}\text{FCFE}&=\text{Cashflow from operations (CFO)}-\text{FCInv}+\text{net borrowing}\\&=$500\ \text{million}-$412\ \text{million}+$12\ \text{million}\\&=$76\ \text{million}\end{align*}$$

$$\begin{align*}\text{FCFE Coverage ratio}&=\frac{\text{FCFE}}{[\text{Dividends}+\text{Share repurchases}]}\\&=\frac{$76\ \text{million}}{($13\ \text{million}+$10\ \text{million})}\\&=3.3\text{x}\end{align*}$$

## Question

Global communication has the following details:

- Net income: $600 million.
- Dividends: $100 million.
The dividend coverage ratio is

closest to:

- 0.1667x.
- 6x.
- 67x.
## Solution

The correct answer is B.$$\text{Dividend coverage ratio}=\frac{\text{Net income}}{\text{Dividend}}=\frac{600}{100}=6\text{x}$$

A is incorrect.16.67% is the dividendratio, \(\frac{\text{1}}{\text{6}}\).payout

Reading 18: Analysis of Dividend and Share Repurchases

*LOS 18 (m) Calculate and interpret dividend coverage ratios based on 1) Net income and 2) Free cash flow.*