Overvalued, Fairly Valued, and Undervalued Securities

When a security’s current market price is approximately equal to its value estimate, the security is considered to be fairly valued. When the market price exceeds the value estimate, the security is overvalued, and so the security is undervalued when the market price is lower than its estimated value.


Of course, there are many uncertainties in calculating an estimated valuation for a company. So while market prices should be treated with skepticism, they should also be treated with respect because an identified mispricing may reveal an error in the analyst’s valuation and not the market’s valuation.


A share of Apple stock is currently selling for $117. An analyst calculates a share of Apple to be worth approximately $115 to $130.

The analyst thinks that Apple’s stock is currently:

A. Fairly valued

B. Overvalued

C. Undervalued


The correct answer is A.

The current price of $117 per share fits into the analyst’s estimated valuation of $115 to $130.

Reading 49 LOS 49a:

Evaluate whether a security, given its current market price and a value estimate, is overvalued, fairly valued, or undervalued by the market


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