Most financial ratios are important for your CFA level 1 exam. Here is an extensive list of these ratios. You can also download AnalystPrep ratio sheet by clicking on this link.
Activity ratios measure how efficiently a company performs day-to-day tasks, such as the collection of receivables and management of inventory. The table below clarifies how to calculate most of the activity ratios.
Liquidity ratios measure the company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations and how quickly assets are converted into cash. The following table explains how to calculate the major liquidity ratios.
Solvency ratios measure a company’s ability to meet long-term obligations. Subsets of these ratios are also known as “leverage” and “long-term debt” ratios.
Profitability ratios measure the company’s ability to generate profits from its resources (assets). The table below shows the calculations of these ratios.
Valuation ratios measure the quantity of an asset or flow (i.e., earnings) associated with ownership of a specified claim (i.e., a share or ownership of the enterprise). The following tables show the most of the common valuation ratios.
Credit ratios are important tools for analysts when doing credit analysis.
Leverage ratios measure the extent to which a company uses liabilities rather than equity to finance its assets.
A Debt is defined as the sum of interest-bearing short-term and long-term debt.
Segment ratios are important for segment reporting. Remember that a company doesn’t have to disclose information about all of its segments; they only need to be disclosed if that segment constitutes 10 percent or more of the combined operating segments’ revenue, assets, or profit.
If the revenue of the reported segments is less than 75% of the revenue of the entire company, more segments must be reported until the 75% level is reached.
Performance ratios are based on CFO. CFO is operating cash flow under US GAAP or under IFRS, conditional to the fact that the company includes interest paid in operating activities.