Non-sovereign Governments, Quasi-government Entities, and Supranational Agencies

Non-Sovereign Bonds

Provinces, regions, states, and cities issue bonds called non-sovereign bonds or non-sovereign government bonds. These bonds are generally issued to finance schools, hospitals, highways, bridges, etc.

Non-sovereign bonds are not guaranteed by the national government. Still, the default rates for non-sovereign bonds are low and their credit ratings are relatively high. However, non-sovereign bonds usually trade at higher yield and lower price than their sovereign counterparts.

Quasi-Government Bonds

National governments establish quasi-government organizations, which have both public and private sector characteristics. These entities issue quasi-government bonds or agency bonds. Some examples are Fannie Mae (Federal Mortgage Association), Freddie Mac in the US, and Hydro-Quebec in Canada. Quasi-government bonds are also rated very high due to extremely low default rates. These bonds are not guaranteed by national governments, yet investors often perceive an implicit guarantee.

Supranational Bonds

Supranational agencies or multilateral agencies could issue bonds that are often highly rated. Some examples include the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Investment Bank (EIB), and the African Development Bank (ADB). Supranational bonds are generally plain vanilla bonds, meaning they pay period coupons and principal at maturity.


When compared to sovereign bonds, non-sovereign bonds tend to be priced:

A. Lower and trade at a higher yield

B. Higher and trade at a lower yield

C. Higher and trade at a higher yield


The correct answer is A.

Non-sovereign bonds usually trade at a higher yield and lower price than sovereign bonds.

Reading 43 LOS 43f:

Describe securities issued by non-sovereign governments, quasi-government entities, and supranational agencies


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