Operating Breakeven Quantity of Sales

The breakeven quantity of sales or just simply breakeven point indicates the number of units of a company’s product that is produced and sold at which point the company’s net income becomes zero. Similarly, we can specify the breakeven point in relation to operating profit. This is referred to as the “Operating breakeven point” or “Operating breakeven quantity of sales”.

Calculating Operating Breakeven Quantity of Sales

At the operating breakeven quantity of sales, revenues = operating costs i.e.

PQOBE = VQOBE + F

where:

P = price per unit

QOBE = number of units produced and sold

V = variable cost per unit

F = fixed operating costs

Therefore, rearranging the formula, the operating breakeven quantity of sales,

analystprep-corpo-42

In other words, a company’s operating breakeven quantity of sales is equal to the company’s fixed operating costs divided by the difference between the price per unit and variable cost per unit.

Example

Assume a company’s product costs are represented by the figures below.

Product Costs
Price per Unit Sold $8.00
Variable Cost per Unit $4.00
Fixed Cost per Unit $2,500.00
Fixed Financing Cost $1,200.00

Calculate the company’s operating breakeven quantity of sales

Solution

The operating breakeven quantity of sales:

analystprep-corpo-43

Question

If a company has fixed operating costs of $7,500, the price per unit for one of its products is $13.30, and its variable cost per unit is $7.50, then its operating breakeven quantity of sales is closest to?

A. 2,143

B. 1,293

C. 864

Solution

The correct answer is B.

The operating breakeven quantity of sales = $7,500/($13.30-$7.50) = 1,293.

 

Reading 37 LOS 37e:

Calculate and interpret the operating breakeven quantity of sales

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