Disclosures are very useful to users of financial statements, especially when analyzing a company’s performance. Not surprisingly, the disclosure and presentation requirements are very similar under IFRS and US GAAP.
Presentation and Disclosures Relating to Inventories
Under IFRS, the following financial statement disclosures in relation to inventories are required:
- The accounting policies that were adopted in measuring inventories, including the cost formula used;
- The total carrying amount of inventories and the carrying amount in classifications that are appropriate to the entity;
- The carrying amount of inventories that are carried at fair value less the costs to sell;
- The amount of inventories that are recognized as an expense during the reporting period;
- The amount of any write-down of inventories that are recognized as an expense in the reporting period;
- The amount of any reversal of any write-down that is recognized as a reduction in the cost of sales during the reporting period;
- The circumstances or events which have led to the reversal of a write-down of inventories; and
- The carrying amount of inventories that are pledged as security for liabilities.
The inventory-related disclosures under US GAAP are quite similar to those under IFRS, except that requirements 6 and 7 are irrelevant due to the fact that US GAAP prohibits the reversal of prior-year inventory write-downs. In addition, US GAAP requires disclosure of significant estimates applicable to inventories and of any material amount of income which results from the liquidation of LIFO inventory.
Under US GAAP, which of the following is not a relevant disclosure relating to inventories?
A. The amount of inventories recognized as an expense during the period
B. The circumstances which led to the reversal of a write-down of inventories
C. The accounting policies adopted in measuring inventories
The correct answer is B.
Under US GAAP, the circumstances which led to the reversal of a write-down of inventories are not a relevant requirement because US GAAP does not permit the reversal of prior-year inventory write-downs. Choices A and C give relevant disclosure requirements.
The financial disclosure information required by the IFRS, but not required by US GAAP is:
A. Information related to inventory write-downs.
B. Information related to inventory write-down reversals.
C. Information related to the carrying amount of each inventory section.
The correct answer is B.
US GAAP does not require the disclosure of write-down reversals because US GAAP does not allow for the reversal of write-downs.
Reading 27 LOS 27i:
describe the financial statement presentation of and disclosures relating to inventories